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wide application of microwave energy

Author: langfeng Time: 2018-09-17

Microwave energy has found general, commercial application in very few areas. These include food processing, analytical chemistry, and heating and vulcanization of rubber. Food processing and rubber manufacture involve relatively high-volume, continuous processing. Analytical chemistry applications are broad in scope and involve high-volume, repetitive, batch processing, often with long intermediate drying and reaction steps that can be shortened using microwave heating.

Much work has been undertaken to investigate the use of microwaves for the processing of a wide range of materials, including ceramics, polymers, composites (ceramic and polymer matrix), powders, and minerals. Microwaves have also been investigated in a broad range of plasma processes (surface modification, chemical vapor infiltration, powder processing), chemical synthesis and processing, and waste remediation. Despite the considerable effort that has been expended in microwave process development, there has been little industrial application to date, with most of the effort still in the laboratory stage. Some of the more significant problems that have inhibited industrial application of microwave processing include:

  • the cost of equipment;

  • limited applicability;

  • variation in dielectric properties with temperature; and

  • the inherent inefficiency of electric power.


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